Ultra-stable lithium plating/stripping in garnet-based lithium-metal batteries enabled by a SnO2 nanolayer

Ke Liu, Ruihan Zhang, Maochun Wu, Haoran Jiang, Tianshou Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Owing to its high ionic conductivity (10−4 - 10−3 S cm−1), excellent stability toward lithium and a wide electrochemical window, the garnet-type solid-state electrolyte has been regarded as one of the most promising solutions to the viability of lithium metal-based batteries. However, the poor interfacial contact between the garnet and the lithium metal leads to an ultrahigh interfacial resistance (∼1000 Ω cm2) and uneven current distribution. In this work, the issue is effectively addressed by coating the garnet pellet with a SnO2 nanolayer. Attributed to the lithiation reaction between the lithium metal and SnO2, an ion-conducting interlayer is generated automatically between the garnet and lithium metal, which reduces their interfacial resistance from 1019 to 153 Ω cm2. A Li | SnO2-garnet | Li symmetric cell is then built and achieves a stable lithium plating/stripping for more than 900 h at 0.2 mA cm−2 without short circuit. Moreover, in a Li | SnO2-garnet | LiFePO4 full battery test, the SnO2 nanolayer enables the full battery to be stably operated for over 100 cycles at 0.3 C with a capacity retention of 98.6%, whereas the control group using bare garnet is unable to work at this high rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number226691
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Garnet
  • Interfacial resistance
  • Lithium metal
  • SnO
  • Solid-state electrolyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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