Ultra-sensitive photoelectrochemical aptamer biosensor for detecting E. coli O157:H7 based on nonmetallic plasmonic two-dimensional hydrated defective tungsten oxide nanosheets coupling with nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (dWO3•H2O@N-GQDs)

Ding Jiang, Cuiqi Yang, Yadi Fan, Hang Mei Polly Leung, Inthavong Kiao, Yu Zhang, Zhiyang Li, Mo Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Light absorption and interfacial engineering of photoactive materials play vital roles in photoexcited electron generation and electron transport, and ultimately boost the performance of photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing. In this work, a novel high-performance photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing platform was fabricated based on nonmetallic plasmonic tungsten oxide hydrate nanosheets (WO3•H2O) coupling with nitrogen doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) by a facile one-step hydrothermal approach. The localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) properties were achieved by oxygen vacancy engineered WO3·H2O (dWO3•H2O), which could greatly extend the light absorption from visible light to near-infrared light. Moreover, by coupling with N-GQDs, the as-fabricated heterojunction (dWO3•H2O@N-GQD) provided a much enhanced photoelectric response due to the efficient charge transfer. By conjugation with E.coli O157:H7 aptamer, a novel PEC aptasensor based on dWO3•H2O@N-GQD heterojunction was fabricated with a high sensitivity for detection of E.coli O157:H7. The limit of detection (LOD) of this PEC aptasensor is 0.05 CFU/mL with a linear detection range from 0.1 to 104 CFU/mL. Moreover, high reproducibility and good accuracy could also be achieved for analysis in milk samples. This work could provide a promising platform for the development of PEC bioanalysis and offer an insight into the non-metallic plasmonic materials based heterojunctions for high-performances PEC biosensing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113214
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • Nitrogen doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs)
  • Oxygen vacancy
  • Photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing
  • Plasmonic
  • Tungsten oxide hydrate nanosheets (WO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

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