Ultra-high-strength engineered/strain-hardening cementitious composites (ECC/SHCC): Material design and effect of fiber hybridization

Bo Tao Huang, Ji Xiang Zhu, Ke Fan Weng, Victor C. Li, Jian Guo Dai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


It is well known that an increase in the compressive strength of cementitious composites is usually accompanied by a loss of tensile ductility. Designing and developing ultra-high-strength cementitious composites (e.g., ≥200 MPa) with high tensile strain capacity (e.g., ≥3%) and excellent crack resistance (e.g., crack width ≤100 μm) remain challenging. In this study, a series of ultra-high-strength Engineered Cementitious Composites (UHS-ECC) with a compressive strength over 210 MPa, a tensile strain capacity of 3–6% (i.e., 300–600 times that of ordinary concrete), and a fine crack width of 67–81 μm (at the ultimate tensile strain) were achieved. Hybrid design of fiber reinforcement and matrix for UHS-ECC was adopted by combining the ECC and ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) design concepts, and the effect of fiber hybridization and aspect ratio on the mechanical behavior of UHS-ECC was comprehensively investigated. The overall performance of UHS-ECC was assessed and compared with the existing high-strength ECC and strain-hardening UHPC, and it was found that the currently designed UHS-ECC recorded the best overall performance among the existing materials. Finally, the multiple cracking behavior of UHS-ECC was analyzed and modeled based on a probabilistic approach to evaluate its critical tensile strain for durability control in practical applications. The results of this study have pushed the performance envelope of both ECC and UHPC materials and provided a basis for developing cementitious composites with simultaneously ultra-high compressive strength, ultra-high tensile ductility, and excellent crack resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104464
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Engineered cementitious composites (ECC)
  • Hybrid fiber
  • Multiple cracking
  • Strain-hardening cementitious composites (SHCC)
  • Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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