We report a highly sensitive twist sensor based on a Sagnac interferometer constructed with a new type of optical fiber which contains an elliptical core and two large semicircular-holes, where the slow axis of the core orthogonal to the air-holes has a large sensitivity towards twist-induced birefringent changes. The novel fiber structure results in a highest twist sensitivity of 5.01 nm/° at a chosen dip over the range from 370°-400°. The resonance dips in the interference pattern respond with different rates in the wavelength shifts in the presence of physical parameters permitting to experimentally distinguish directional torsion, axial strain and temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics