Two-dimensional scattering features of the mixed second harmonic A0 mode Lamb waves for incipient damage localization

Shengbo Shan, Li Cheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Inspection of incipient structural damage is of great significance. Existing techniques based on nonlinear guided waves have shown great promise for the detection of incipient damage due to material microstructure changes, but with only limited success for damage localization, which is technically more challenging. Our previous work uncovered the existence of the second harmonic A0 mode Lamb waves in a PZT-driven system, as a result of the mixing of the primary A0 and S0 mode Lamb waves, thus pointing at the possibility of performing damage localization through tuning the size of the wave mixing zone. In the present study, a two-dimensional incipient damage localization method is proposed based on this newly discovered wave phenomenon. By visualizing the nonlinear wave field, damage-induced nonlinear wave scattering features are first investigated. A dedicated localization algorithm is then proposed and evaluated. Numerical results show that the energy of the scattered nonlinear wave is mainly confined to a narrow region along the actuator-damage path, the spatial variation of which can be approximated by a simple Gaussian function. Embedding this information into the proposed localization strategy, damage localization can be achieved using a simple physical system. Experiments are finally carried out to validate the 2nd A0 wave scattering features and the proposed damage localization method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106554
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Damage localization
  • Incipient damage
  • Mode mixing
  • Nonlinear Lamb wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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