Two-Dimensional Gallium Sulfide as a Novel Saturable Absorber for Broadband Ultrafast Photonics Applications

Safayet Ahmed, Junpeng Qiao, Ping Kwong Cheng, Ahmed Mortuza Saleque, Md Nahian Al Subri Ivan, Tawsif Ibne Alam, Yuen Hong Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Two-dimensional (2D) gallium sulfide (GaS) offers a plethora of exceptional electrical and optical properties, allowing it to be used in a wide range of applications, including photodetectors, hydrogen generation, and nonlinear optical devices. In this paper, ultrathin 2D GaS nanosheets are synthesized using the liquid-phase exfoliation method, and the structure, morphology, and chemical composition of the as-prepared nanosheets are extensively investigated. After depositing 2D GaS nanosheets on side polished fibers, successful saturable absorbers (SAs) are fabricated for the first time. The realized modulation depths are 10 and 5.3% at 1 and 1.5 μm, respectively, indicating the wideband saturable absorption performance of the prepared SAs. By integrating GaS-SAs into three different wavelength-based fiber laser cavities, stable mode-locked pulses are achieved, having pulse durations of 46.22 ps (1 μm), 614 fs (1.5 μm), and 1.02 ps (2 μm), respectively. Additionally, different orders of harmonic mode-locked pulses with the highest repetition rate of 0.55 GHz (45th order) and Q-switched pulses with the shortest pulse duration of 2.2 μs are obtained in the telecommunication waveband. These findings suggest that 2D GaS has a lot of potential for broadband ultrafast photonics in nonlinear photonics devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61518-61527
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number51
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2021


  • 2D materials
  • broadband ultrafast laser
  • gallium sulfide
  • nonlinear optics
  • saturable absorber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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