Treatment of textile desizing wastewater by pilot scale nanofiltration membrane separation

Guohua Chen, Xijun Chai, Po Lock Yue, Yongli Mi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Desizing wastewaters from the bleaching and dyeing industry of Hong Kong were treated by nanofiltration (NF) membrane separation on a pilot scale in the pressure controlled region. The two brown colored wastewaters had chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 14,000 mg l-1and 5430 mg l-1, respectively. Permeate flux and COD retention were investigated in relation to transmembrane pressure drop, temperature, and feed-solution concentration. The permeate flux was found to increase significantly with transmembrane pressure drop and to decrease with feed concentration. Higher permeate flux was found for wastewater with higher pH. A minor increase in COD retention was found for the increase in transmembrane pressure drop as well as operating temperature. The COD retention was about 95% for wastewater with pH 10.2, and 80-85% for wastewater with pH 5.5. The difference in the results obtained for the two kinds of wastewater was attributed to their compositional difference that resulted from the desizing operation. Fouling of membrane is not a big concern for the NF membrane tested in treating this type of wastewater. The quality of the permeate is all above the discharge standard for foul sewer in Hong Kong. The experimental results are consistent with the theoretical analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-99
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume127
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COD
  • Desizing wastewater
  • Nanofiltration
  • Pilot scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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