Treatment of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash: State-of-the-art technologies and future perspectives

Yuying Zhang, Lei Wang, Liang Chen, Bin Ma, Yike Zhang, Wen Ni, Daniel C.W. Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

264 Citations (Scopus)


Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash is considered as a hazardous waste that requires specific treatment before disposal. The principal treatments encompass thermal treatment, stabilization/solidification, and resource recovery. To maximize environmental, social, and economic benefits, the development of low-carbon and sustainable treatment technologies for MSWI fly ash has attracted extensive interests in recent years. This paper critically reviewed the state-of-the-art treatment technologies and novel resource utilization approaches for the MSWI fly ash. Innovative technologies and future perspectives of MSWI fly ash management were highlighted. Moreover, the latest understanding of immobilization mechanisms and the use of advanced characterization technologies were elaborated to foster future design of treatment technologies and the actualization of sustainable management for MSWI fly ash.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125132
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2021


  • Hazardous waste treatment
  • Immobilization mechanisms
  • Potentially toxic elements
  • Resource recovery
  • Stabilization/solidification
  • Sustainable waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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