Transverse-leaky-mode characteristics of ARROW VCSELs

C. W. Tee, Siu Fung Yu, N. S. Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Transverse-leaky-mode characteristics of antiresonant-reflecting-optical-waveguide (ARROW) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are studied. It is found that the suppression of high-order transverse leaky modes in ARROW VCSELs can be deteriorated by the influence of spatial hole burning and thermal lensing effects. On the other hand, a new design rule is proposed to deduce the optimum dimensions of ARROW so that the suppression of high-order transverse leaky modes can be enhanced. Furthermore, the turn-on transient response of ARROW VCSELs is investigated. It is found that the radiation loss has significant influence on the built-up time of the first-order transverse leaky mode.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1797-1804
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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