Transportation scheduling for modules used in modular integrated construction

Huiwen Wang, Liang Liao, Wen Yi, Lu Zhen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Modular integrated construction (MiC) is an innovative construction method that is widely used in practice, but high transportation cost is an obstacle to its wider implementation. This paper is motivated by the real-world need for a scientific approach for MiC transport scheduling, and addresses the practical problem of how to achieve on-time door-to-door MiC delivery in an economical manner. An innovative integer programming model is formulated with the objective of minimising the total transportation costs, including trailer rental, fuel costs, and worker salaries. A case study based on Hong Kong data validates that the developed model can be efficiently solved for problems of practical size. The results also demonstrate that the derived MiC schedule plan can reduce transportation costs by 58.7% compared with a just-in-time (JIT) strategy, thus bringing great economic benefits to off-site construction practitioners. Useful managerial implications related to on-site MiC storage areas are derived through sensitivity analysis. Overall, this paper sets the ground for the application of mathematical programming methodology to the off-site construction field. Future research may be devoted to MiC transport scheduling under uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Aug 2023


  • just-in-time delivery
  • mathematical programming
  • modular integrated construction
  • prefabricated construction
  • Transportation optimisation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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