Polymer-based photovoltaic cells have been fabricated by inserting a thin, transparent, transition metal oxide layer between the transparent anode (indium tin oxide) and the polymer layer. Two different transition metal oxides, namely vanadium oxide and molybdenum oxide, were used and the device performance was compared. The surface of the oxide films and the interface between the polymer and the oxide was studied with the help of atomic force microscopy. The effect of the thickness of the oxide layer on electrical characteristics of the device was also studied and optimized thickness was achieved to give high power conversion efficiency of 3.3% under simulated AM1.5G illumination of 100 mW cm2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)