Transient liquid flow in plastic pipes

Kamil Urbanowicz, Huan Feng Duan, Anton Bergant

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, plastic pipes play a key role in fluid conveyance, for example, in urban water supply systems. Dynamic analysis of designed water pipe networks requires the use of numerical methods that allow for solving basic equations that describe transient flows occurring in plastic pipes. In this paper, the main equations were formulated with pressure (p) and velocity (v) as the principal variables. A novel simplified retarded strain solution is used to properly model the pipe-wall viscoelasticity effect during transient flow process. Unsteady friction is calculated with the use of a filtered weighting function (with three exponential terms). The proposed numerical method enables the efficient modelling of transient flow in plastic pressurized pipes. Extensive simulations are performed and compared with experimental results known from three different European research centres (London, Cassino, and Lyon), with the aim of demonstrating the impacts of plastic pipe properties and frequency-dependent hydraulic resistance on transient pipe flow oscillations. The effectiveness of the proposed method for determining the creep functions of plastic pipes is also examined and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-90
Number of pages14
JournalStrojniski Vestnik/Journal of Mechanical Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Method of characteristics
  • Plastic pipes
  • Transient flow
  • Unsteady friction
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Water hammer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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