Transient-based leak detection in the frequency domain considering fluid–structure interaction and viscoelasticity

Alireza Keramat, Bryan Karney, Mohamed S. Ghidaoui, Xun Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Waterhammer induced fluid–structure interaction (FSI) of a leaky viscoelastic (VE) pipe is simulated in the frequency-domain. The developed model is then applied to assess the accuracy of leak detection when both FSI and VE phenomena are represented. FSI arises due to the coupling of wall stress and pressure waves, which can significantly distort the response spectra. The frequency response of the transient waves is derived using the transfer matrix method, which is then exploited for localization using a maximum likelihood estimate. Several numerical cases including one or two leaks are studied while Poisson and junction coupling both with and without VE wall behaviour. The results demonstrate that including FSI effects can allow leaks to be more accurately located. Not surprisingly, the importance of FSI mechanisms in leak detection is shown to be more crucial in VE pipes than in elastic pipes because of their larger Poisson effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107500
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2021


  • Fluid-structure interaction
  • Leak detection
  • Maximum likelihood estimation
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Waterhammer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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