Stabilization/solidification (S/S) processes are routinely used for the final treatment of hazardous wastes prior to land disposal. Cement-based binder systems with partial replacement of cement by pulverized fuel ash (PFA) are common. In order to predict the long-term leaching characteristics of S/S wastes, it is important to understand the leaching mechanism. This paper presents experimental results from a study that has investigated the leaching behaviour of contaminants from cement-based S/S waste forms. A novel radial leach test (RLT) has been used to study the migration of heavy metals. The results show that contaminants migrate from the inner core of the S/S waste during leaching to the sample surface and accumulate near the edge of the S/S waste. The degree of accumulation is related to the contaminant species and the Ca(OH)2content.
- Chemical stabilization/solidification
- Hazardous waste
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Health and Safety
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Environmental Engineering