Trailing edge noise reduction using velvety serrations

Peng Zhou, Xiangtian Li, Yuhong Li, Hanbo Jiang, Jingwen Guo, Siyang Zhong, Xin Zhang, David Angland

Research output: Unpublished conference presentation (presented paper, abstract, poster)Conference presentation (not published in journal/proceeding/book)Academic researchpeer-review


This work studies the trailing edge noise reduction potentials of combining trailing edge serrations and porous membrane/velvet structures made of non-woven fabrics. Anechoic wind tunnel experiments were conducted based on a flat plate model, at a chord-based Reynolds number between 2 × 105 and 5 × 105 and zero angle of attack, with fully tripped boundary layers. Different alignment conditions between the serrations and the undisturbed wake flow were tested. It was observed that the noise reduction capability of the conventional serrations deteriorates significantly when the serrations were misaligned with the flow, while the performances of the combined structures were only slightly affected by misalignment. The porous membrane structure was found to generate extra high-frequency noise, while the porous velvet structure effectively suppressed the high-frequency noise. In addition, porous velvet structures with serrated trailing edge provided additional noise reduction at lower frequencies, which is likely due to the additional destructive interference at the serrated end of the porous velvet structure. The optimal combination could achieve approximately 10 dB noise reduction in a wide frequency range, in both flow-aligned and flow-misaligned conditions. Further hotwire wake survey revealed the possible mechanisms for the additional noise reduction capability of the combined treatments. © 2022, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA., All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Angle of attack
  • Boundary layers
  • Reynolds number
  • Wakes
  • Weaving
  • Wind tunnels
  • Anechoic wind tunnels
  • Condition
  • High-frequency noise
  • Non-woven fabric
  • Porous membranes
  • Reduction potential
  • Trailing edge noise
  • Trailing edges
  • Wind tunnel experiment
  • Work study
  • Noise abatement


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