Tracking Active Control Forces by Using a Semi-Active Vehicle Suspension Integrated with Negative Stiffness

Xiang Shi, Zhiwei Wu, Yingyu Hua, Wei Shi, Songye Zhu, Jinyang Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Active suspension technique normally provides the best vibration mitigation performance at the cost of high-energy consumption. In contrast, the energy consumption of a semiactive suspension is normally much smaller than that of an active suspension, whereas the control performance is compromised as well. Observing the core issue that caused such a phenomenon is that the existing semi-active control force, unlike the active control force, shall always oppose to the relative motion of the actuator (i.e. clipping phenomenon). This paper subsequently proposes a novel semi-active vehicle suspension system that incorporates a passive negative stiffness (NS) spring and a semi-active damper (SD) to realize uncompromised active control force while consuming energy of a typical semiactive suspension system. In specific, the proposed system allows for decomposition of the target active control force and tracked via the collaboration of the NS and SD components. Herein, the NS element is capable of releasing the store potential energy that subsequently eases the aforementioned clipping phenomenon of a traditional semiactive suspension. In this paper, besides the relevant clarifications on the system topology and working mechanism, its feasibility and performance enhancement are also validated via systematic numerical simulations of a vehicle suspension; and the results indicate, for the first time, that the proposed semi-active suspension can fully track the active control force and subsequently achieve unprecedented control performance comparable to an active controller.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2450019
JournalInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2024


  • active control force
  • Negative stiffness
  • semi-active damper
  • vehicle suspension
  • vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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