Benzotriazole and its associated derivatives (BTs) are widely used as ultraviolet stabilizers and corrosion inhibitors. They have been extensively found in marine environments and are bioaccumulative through the food chain. However, the toxicities of BTs to marine organisms are seldom identified and no assessment has been conducted for filter-feeding bivalves. In this study, a marine scallop Chlamys nobilis was exposed to 0, 0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 mg/L of BT for 60 days. Effects of BT on endocrine system, cytochrome P450 activity, antioxidant activity, and neural activity of C. nobilis were examined. The results showed that BT exerted significant estrogenic effects on both male and female scallops and inhibited EROD activities of C. nobilis even at 0.01 mg/L level. BT at ≥ 0.01 mg/L levels also caused significant oxidative stress on C. nobilis. Moreover, most of the adverse effects of BT to C. nobilis were found from day 35 and 0.01 mg/L was the lowest concentration with observed effects, showing the long-term toxic effects of BT to C. nobilis. Thus, the adverse effects of BT and its derivatives to marine benthic communities deserve more attention in future research.
- Chlamys nobilis
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis