Towards the retrieval of accurate od matrices from bluetooth data: Lessons learned from 2 years of data

Gabriel Michau, Alfredo Nantes, Edward Chung

Research output: Unpublished conference presentation (presented paper, abstract, poster)Conference presentation (not published in journal/proceeding/book)Academic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The Bluetooth technology is being increasingly used to track vehicles throughout their trips, within urban networks and across freeway stretches. One important opportunity offered by this type of data is the measurement of Origin-Destination patterns, emerging from the aggregation and clustering of individual trips. In order to obtain accurate estimations, however, a number of issues need to be addressed, through data filtering and correction techniques. These issues mainly stem from the use of the Bluetooth technology amongst drivers, and the physical properties of the Bluetooth sensors themselves. First, not all cars are equipped with discoverable Bluetooth devices and the Bluetoothenabled vehicles may belong to some small socio-economic groups of users. Second, the Bluetooth datasets include data from various transport modes; such as pedestrian, bicycles, cars, taxi driver, buses and trains. Third, the Bluetooth sensors may fail to detect all of the nearby Bluetooth-enabled vehicles. As a consequence, the exact journey for some vehicles may become a latent pattern that will need to be extracted from the data. Finally, sensors that are in close proximity to each other may have overlapping detection areas, thus making the task of retrieving the correct travelled path even more challenging. The aim of this paper is twofold. We first give a comprehensive overview of the aforementioned issues. Further, we propose a methodology that can be followed, in order to cleanse, correct and aggregate Bluetooth data. We postulate that the methods introduced by this paper are the first crucial steps that need to be followed in order to compute accurate Origin-Destination matrices in urban road networks.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event36th Australasian Transport Research Forum, ATRF 2013 - Brisbane, Australia
Duration: 2 Oct 20134 Oct 2013


Conference36th Australasian Transport Research Forum, ATRF 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation


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