Towards culturally sustainable scuba diving tourism: an integration of Indigenous knowledge

Nurdina Prasetyo, Sebastian Filep, Anna Carr

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Whilst there is an increasing literature about managing local Indigenous values in land-based settings for visitor experiences there is limited knowledge around how Indigenous values contribute to tourism development in marine environments. This paper explores how Indigenous knowledge and practices are integrated into scuba diving tourism development. In-depth face-to-face conversations with 49 Indigenous tourism stakeholders in Misool, Raja Ampat, Indonesia were conducted. Following narrative analysis, findings revealed five features of Misoolese knowledge and practices of the local communities: locating and attracting marine species, reading the signs of nature, respecting sacred sites, fish taboo, and marine sasi, a form of traditional marine resource management. The findings make a theoretical contribution as they explain how integrating Indigenous knowledge into successful tourism development can be achieved. It is argued that these Indigenous practices are instrumental for culturally sustainable tourism development in marine environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319 - 332
Number of pages14
JournalTourism Recreation Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • cultural sustainability
  • Indigenous knowledge
  • marine ecotourism
  • Misool
  • Raja Ampat
  • scuba diving tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Cultural Studies
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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