Towards A Low-cost Software-Defined UHF RFID System for Distributed Parallel Sensing

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This paper presents the design and implementation of a low-cost software-defined RFID system for distributed parallel sensing. We aim to implement essential sensing functionalities with low-cost commodity radio components and provide full access to physical layer raw data (e.g., PHY samples of backscatter signals) to enable various RFID sensing applications at low implementation cost. The proposed solution is built in a distributed way where the functionalities of interrogating RFID tags and receiving their backscattered signals are separated into two modules, which naturally supports distributed parallel sensing. A set of innovative techniques are developed, e.g., packet-in-packet communication, carrier frequency offset cancellation, self-interference cancellation, to address a range of practical challenges including RFID command generation with cross technology communication, real-time correction of carrier frequency offset, We present three case studies enabled by the proposed solution, which demonstrates its applicability and potential of boosting RFID sensing research by substantially cutting the implementation cost of software defined RFID sensing system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Backscatter
  • EPC standard communication.
  • Parallel Sensing
  • Protocols
  • Radio transmitters
  • Radiofrequency identification
  • Receivers
  • RFID
  • Sensors
  • Software Defined Reader
  • Transmitters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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