Toward large-scale fabrication of triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) with silk-fibroin patches film via spray-coating process

Chaoran Liu, Jiaqian Li, Lufeng Che, Shaoqiang Chen, Zuankai Wang, Xiaofeng Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Over the past several years, the development of triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) has blossomed owing to many advantages such as the simple structure, high conversion efficiency and wide material selectivity. Currently, most of TENG devices are constructed with micro-structured surfaces using complicated manufacturing processes. Owing to the lack of high-volume manufacturing scalability, it still remains a bottleneck to apply TENG into the commercial products. In this work, we report the development of a novel TENG, which leverages on the regenerated, flexible, biocompatible, and highly transparent silk-fibroin as a triboelectric layer and can be deposited on a PET/ITO substrate (SF/PET/ITO) using a simple spray-coating process. The as-fabricated TENG exhibits a maximum voltage of 213.9 V and a high power density of 68.0 mW/m2 as a result of the ability of losing electrons and rough surface rendered by the silk-fibroin. We further demonstrate that this generator can charge a capacitor (10 μF) to 4.5 V in 6 mins, and instantaneously light up as many as 100 commercial LED bulbs. We anticipate that the large-scale fabrication of silk-fibroin-based TENGs will serve as a promising system for electricity generation with an extremely low cost to commercial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-366
Number of pages8
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Energy harvesting
  • Large scale
  • Silk fibroin
  • Spray-coating process
  • Triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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