Titanium oxide nanowire clots with two-phase composition as multi-effect sulfur reservoirs for lithium-sulfur batteries

Yuqing Cai, Zhongyuan Yan, Shumin Shi, Lida Zhang, Ting Zhang, Mingtong Yang, Ling Bai, Hui Fu, Xu Sheng Yang, Ziquan Li, Zhen Dong Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur battery (LSB) is one of the most promising battery systems for green energy plants and electric vehicle power sources. A high-performance sulfur reservoir is one of the most critical components for LSBs to protect the soluble lithium polysulfides (LPSs) from shuttling to lithium anode. Herein, titanium oxide nanowire clots (TOCs) with a two-phase composition and high effective absorption surface area (270.1 m2g−1) are designed as promising reservoirs to accommodate sulfur and LPSs. The synergistic effects generated from the unique structure of TOCs make the obtained S/TOCs cathode materials exhibit high specific capacity, high coulombic efficiency, and excellent cyclic stability at 1C and 2C rates. The corresponding capacity fading rates per cycle are around 0.14% and 0.11 % for the LSBs being (dis)charged 1C and 2C, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113989
JournalScripta Materialia
Volume202
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Cathode materials
  • Lithium-sulfur batteries
  • Nanowires
  • Sulfur reservoirs
  • Titanium oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

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