Different ZnO nanostructures (tetrapods, shells, rods, and highly faceted rods) were characterized by photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved PL measurements. It was found that different nanostructures exhibit very different optical properties in terms of defect emission and decay times of the spontaneous emission. No correlation was found between the PL decay times and defect emission intensities and defect emission positions. The short decay times of the UV emission are most likely due to nonradiative defects that are correlated with the crystalline quality and do not contribute to the visible emission. Neither short PL decay times nor intense defect emissions rule out achievement of stimulated emission.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)