By integrating the micro-sensor on RFID tags to obtain the environment information, the sensor-augmented RFID system greatly supports the applications that are sensitive to environment. To quickly collect the information from all tags, many researchers dedicate on well arranging tag replying orders to avoid the signal collisions. Compared to from all tags, collecting information from a part of tags (i.e., target tags) is more challenging because the collecting process is interfered by useless replying from non-target tags. The existing works of target tag information collection are designed for single reader systems. However, they cannot work efficiently in more common multi-reader scenarios, where each reader lacks knowledge of tag distribution among all readers. In this paper, we propose time-efficient protocols to collect target tag information in multi-reader systems. The high efficiency of our protocol is enabled by two novel designs. First, we develop a technique that quickly detects and silences non-target tags without a priori knowledge of which tags are in the readers' interrogation regions. Second, we design an allocation vector to efficiently arrange the replying order of only target tags. Different from previous bit-vector based approaches that make use of only singleton slots, our allocation vector approach also makes use of collision slots to speed up target tag information collection. We further propose an enhancement protocol which can reconcile the collision slots with higher probability and therefore collect information from more target tags simultaneously. The extensive simulation results demonstrate that our protocols significantly outperform the state-of-the-art protocols in terms of time-efficiency.
- information collection
- radio frequency identification (RFID) system
- target tags
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering