Time dependent infrared thermographic evaluation of facemasks

Yan Luximon, Kimberly Anne Sheen, Ameersing Luximon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated silent versus speaking situations while wearing various types of facemasks over a period of time. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is the evaluation of temperature changes with time and the thermal comfort of facemasks under different verbal output conditions. METHODS: A two-way within-subject experiment was conducted to find the effects of facemask types and verbal output conditions. The infrared thermographic technology was used to record the video during the experiment. A subjective questionnaire was applied to measure the perception ratings of thermal discomfort. RESULTS: Wearing a facemask could result in a higher face temperature compared to the condition in which a facemask was not worn. The N95 mask created the highest temperature value in the cheeks and nose/mouth regions. The speaking condition did not present significant difference on face temperature compared to the silent condition. Participants tended to provide higher subjective ratings of perceived humidity, heat, breathing difficulty and overall discomfort while wearing facemasks, especially while wearing the N95 mask and during the speaking conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Facial temperature distribution demonstrated various trends with time under different conditions. Facemask types had significant effects on facial temperature and perceived thermal comfort.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)825-835
Number of pages11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016


  • subjective perceptions
  • temperature distribution
  • Thermal comfort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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