Time-cost relationship of public sector projects in Malaysia

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54 Citations (Scopus)


Earlier research by Bromilow in Australia found that the duration of construction period can be modelled by a time-cost formula expressed in the form of T = KCB, where T is the actual construction time in working days, C is the final cost of contract in millions. K is a constant characteristic of building time performance, and B is a constant indicative of the sensitivity of time performance to cost level. The aim of this paper is to identify whether such time-cost relationship can be extended to the building projects in Malaysia. Time and cost data from 51 public sector projects were collected to verify whether such a relationship holds in the Malaysian building industry. Regression analysis was used to compute the values of K, B and check how well the model actually fits. Analysis of these 51 projects identified that the best predictor of average construction time of public sector projects in Malaysia is T= 269C0.32. The predicted time for a RM 1 million public project was 269 days. The time-cost relationship identified in this paper serves as a convenient tool for both project managers and clients to predict the average time required for delivery of a construction project.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Project Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2001


  • Malaysia
  • Public sector projects
  • Regression model
  • Time-cost relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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