Three-dimensional simulation of thermals using a split-operator scheme

Chi Wai Li, F. Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A three-dimensional numerical model is developed to study the motion and mixing process induced by thermals. The model utilizes a split-operator approach for the solution of the hydrodynamic equations and the advective diffusion equation. A conservative characteristics based scheme with flux-limiter is employed to accurately approximate the advective terms in all equations and to prevent the generation of over and under shoots in the solution. In modelling the turbulent stresses and diffusion, the mixing length model is used. Cases of point thermals in uniform or stratified ambient fluid and advected line thermals are simulated and the results verify the empirical equations for thermal parameters obtained from the reported experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996


  • Advection
  • Mixing processes
  • Split-operator
  • Thermals
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Three-dimensional simulation of thermals using a split-operator scheme'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this