Thin circular hollow section-to-plate T-joints: Stress concentration factors and fatigue failure under in-plane bending

Fidelis Rutendo Mashiri, Xiao Ling Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Welded thin-walled (t<4 mm) tube-to-plate T-joints made up of cold-formed circular hollow sections welded onto a plate to form a moment resistant connection are used in the road transport and agricultural industry to manufacture equipment and other structural systems. Fatigue design of these joints is not available in current standards. An understanding of the stress concentrations and failure in these connections is therefore necessary as a step towards understanding the fatigue behaviour of these connections. Stress concentration factors (SCFs) of welded thin-walled (t<4 mm) circular hollow section (CHS)-to-plate T-joints are determined at different locations along the weld toes on the tubular brace. The distribution of SCFs along the weld toes shows that the highest SCF occurs at the weld toes in the circular brace at the 0° line. The ratio of the end of test fatigue life (N4) to the through-thickness fatigue life (N3) in the thin CHS-plate T-joints is found to fall within the range of N4/N3 found in previous research of both thick and thin-walled joints. Surface crack growth monitoring is used to obtain an approximation of the length of surface crack at the point of occurrence of a through-thickness crack. The relationship between surface crack length and the occurrence of a through-thickness crack is important in that it can be used as a measure of the criticality of a surface crack during structural health monitoring of equipment or structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-169
Number of pages11
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Circular hollow section
  • Failure
  • Fatigue
  • Hot spots
  • Stress concentration factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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