Thermostability and thermoplastic formability of (Zr65Cu17.5Ni10Al7.5)100-xREx(x=0.25-3.25, RE: Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) bulk metallic glasses

Q. Hu, Mingwang Fu, X. R. Zeng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The width δT of super-cooled liquid region (SCLR) and the softness (δL/L0)sof (Zr65Cu17.5Ni10Al7.5)100-xREx(x=0.25-3.25, rare-earth RE: Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) in SCLR are systemically investigated by thermoanalysis tests, where δT and (δL/L0)sare used to evaluate their thermostability and thermoplastic formability in SCLR, respectively. It is found that only a small amount of Yb can be added into the matrix alloy, and the addition of each RE increases δT. With the addition of the same RE, (δL/L0)sdepends on δT, but with the addition of different RE elements, (δL/L0)sand δT have not a clear correlation and the best addition amount is different. These phenomena and regularities are well explained based on the properties of RE elements, including boiling point, mixing enthalpy, oxides formation enthalpy and shear modulus. The improvement in the formability of (Zr65Cu17.5Ni10Al7.5)98.00Er2.00, which has the largest (δL/L0)s, is also verified by thermoplastic forming experiment. This composition has the best formability in the Be-free Zr-based BMGs. The researches provide a basis for development of new BMGs with better thermostability and thermoplastic formability via minor addition of RE elements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials and Design
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014


  • Bulk metallic glasses
  • Rare-earth
  • Super-cooled liquid
  • Thermoplastic formability
  • Thermostability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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