Thermal, ventilation and energy saving performance evaluations of a ductless bed-based task/ambient air conditioning (TAC) system

Ning Mao, Dongmei Pan, Shiming Deng, Ming Yin Jonathan Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


To provide better indoor thermal comfort and indoor air quality in sleeping environments and to achieve greater energy saving, it is necessary to develop new air conditioning systems applied to sleeping environments. In recent years, a large number of studies have been carried out on the task/ambient air conditioning (TAC). To address a number of the inadequacies in a previous related study for a novel bed-based TAC system for sleeping environments, a ductless bed-based TAC system has been developed and its thermal, ventilation and energy saving performances have been experimentally evaluated, by comparing them with those of a full volume air conditioning (FAC) system. Firstly, an experimental setup at two different settings, a ductless bed-based TAC setting and a FAC setting, is presented. Secondly, the methods for measuring air dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures, air velocity and CO2concentrations are reported and six groups of experimental conditions detailed. Finally, experimental results of thermal, ventilation and energy saving performances at the two settings are presented and analyzed. The experimental results demonstrated that using the ductless bed-based TAC could lead to a better ventilation performance and energy saving performance, but a poor thermal performance in terms of a higher draft risk than using the FAC system. It was possible to reduce the draft risk, while still maintaining an acceptable energy saving performance, by selecting a proper supply air temperature and air flow rate as well as a proper supply vane angle.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-305
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2013


  • Energy saving
  • Relative humidity
  • Task/ambient air conditioning (TAC) system
  • Thermal comfort
  • Ventilation performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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