Thermal effects on vertical displacement of GPS stations in China

Hao Ming Yan, Wu Chen, Yao Zhong Zhu, Wei Min Zhang, Min Zhong, Gen You Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


The temperature of GPS concrete pillar can be influenced by the surface air temperature changes. For the above ground and underground parts of the GPS concrete pillar, both inner temperatures vary with the surface air temperature changes by heat conduction effects. The temperature change of GPS concrete pillar will cause a vertical displacement of the GPS antenna. The annual amplitude of GPS vertical displacement induced by the temperature change of underground concrete pillar can reach to 1 mm in China, and exceeds 0.5 mm in the area north of Changjiang River. The maximum annual amplitude of GPS vertical displacement induced by the temperature change in both above- and under-ground parts of GPS concrete pillar is 2. 8 mm for the 23 GPS stations of the Crustal Movement Observation Network of China (CMONOC). Meanwhile, the annual amplitudes of 13 GPS stations exceed 1 mm in the 23 GPS stations of the CMONOC. Thus, thermal effects on the GPS vertical displacement are a very important factor to explain the annual variations of GPS vertical displacement.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)825-832
Number of pages8
JournalActa Geophysica Sinica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • Annual amplitude
  • GPS
  • Mass change of surface geophysical fluids
  • Temperature changes
  • Vertical displacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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