Much research has been carded out in the field of using optical fibre sensors as internal strain and temperature measuring devices for advanced composite structures in recent years. The specific application is the use of embedded optical fibre sensors for smart composite reinforcement for strain monitoring in an innovative civil engineering structure, particularly for the structure after rehabilitation. Researchers have also paid attention to using the optical fibre sensor for monitoring the condition of composite materials during manufacturing and curing processes. However, heat induced in the curing process may influence the accuracy of measurement and eventuate in causing damage at the bond interface between the optical fibre and the surrounding matrix material because of the different thermal properties of silica fibre and composite materials. In this paper, a simple theoretical model is introduced to determine the interfacial properties of the embedded optical fibre system in composite laminates wit h different values of the coefficient of thermal expansion under different temperature environments. A finite-element method is used to compare the result from the theoretical prediction. The results show that the maximum shear stress in the coating layer decreases with increasing surrounding temperature when the optical fibre is embedded into carbon and Kevlar fibre composites. In contrast, increasing the temperature when the optical fibre is embedded into glass fibre composite results in the increase of maximum shear stress of the material. The compaction pressure distribution along the circumference of the coating layer also varies with temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)