Thermal effects in H2O and CO2 assisted direct carbon solid oxide fuel cells

Qijiao He, Jie Yu, Haoran Xu, Dongqi Zhao, Tianshou Zhao, Meng Ni

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Thermal effects in a H2O and CO2 assisted tubular direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell (DC-SOFC) are numerically investigated. Parametric simulations are further conducted to study the effects of operating potential, the distance between carbon and anode, inlet gas temperature, and anode inlet gas flow rate on the thermal behaviors of the fuel cell. It is found that the fuel cell with H2O as gasification agent performs considerably better than the cell with CO2 as gasification agent in all cases. It is also found that the temperature field of the fuel cell is highly uneven. The breakdown of the heat sources in the fuel cell shows that the H2O assisted DC-SOFC has much higher heat generation and consumption than the CO2 assisted cell. Interestingly, a thermal neutral voltage is observed, at which no heating or cooling of the cell is needed. In addition, the distance between the anode and the carbon layer is required to be as small as possible, which improves the temperature uniformity of the fuel cell. The results of this study demonstrates the importance of thermal effects in DC-SOFCs and form a solid foundation for DC-SOFC thermal management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12459-12475
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2020


  • Direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell (DC-SOFC)
  • Gasification agent
  • Numerical modeling
  • Temperature distribution
  • Thermal effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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