Thermal degradation of dynamic compressive strength for two mortars

Wei Yao, Hung Wei Liu, Ying Xu, Kaiwen Xia, Jianbo Zhu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of thermally induced damage on the dynamic mechanical properties of concretes are thus paramount for hazard mitigation and blasting-proof design of concrete structures. We investigate the influence of thermally induced damage on the dynamic uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) of two mortars. The specimens were manufactured in cylindrical shape and heat-treated at 150 °C, 250 °C, 350 °C, 450 °C, 600 °C and 850 °C, before being tested at room temperature of 25 °C with a split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) apparatus. X-ray Computer Tomography (CT) scanning was used to quantify the thermally induced micro-cracks and chemical changes of two mortar specimens in terms of the average CT value. In addition, P-wave velocities and densities of two mortars were also measured before dynamic tests. The CT value, P-wave velocity and density decrease with the increase of the heat-treatment temperature. These observations are explained by the evolution of micro-structures such as the increase of micro-cracks and the undesirable chemical reactions in the mortar specimens. The results of dynamic tests show that the dynamic UCS increases with the loading rate and deceases with the increase of the heat-treatment temperature. The thermally induced damage is a combination of (a) the thermally induced micro-cracks and various chemical changes (which is characterized by the CT value), and (b) the deterioration of the binding property of reaction products. Thus the damage variable is introduced to quantify the thermally induced damage for two mortars. The formula for describing the dependence of the dynamic UCS on the thermal effect and the loading rate effect is established using the damage variable. The formula predicts the trend of the dynamic UCS for two mortars well.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-152
Number of pages14
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Dynamic uniaxial compressive strength
  • Heat-treatment temperature
  • Loading rate
  • SHPB
  • Thermally induced damage
  • X-ray micro-CT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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