Thermal comfort in primary school classrooms: A case study under subarctic climate area of Sweden

Bin Yang, Thomas Olofsson, Faming Wang, Weizhuo Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Limited studies were focused on primary school buildings especially under subarctic climate. Thermal comfort of children was assumed to be similar as that of adults, which may cause inaccuracy. To fill data blank and enrich global database, a field study was performed from late fall 2016 to early spring 2017 covering whole heating period in north part of Sweden. Indoor CO 2 concentration was continuously monitored to evaluate indoor ventilation. Thermal comfort related parameters were continuously measured and predicted mean vote (PMV) was calculated. Subjective questionnaire surveys were performed every week except holidays. Subjective thermal sensation value (TSV) was always higher than objective PMV, which reflected thermal adaptation. The thermal adaptation became not obvious in middle and late winter because of long term exposure to heating environments. Heating system should be intensified gradually in early heating period, operated based on actual outdoor climate instead of experience in middle and late heating periods, extended under part load operation in early spring if necessary. The new 13─point TSV scale was pointed out by other researchers and tested inthis study, which can explore tiny TSV deviations from thermally neutral status and reflect more accurate thermal sensations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-245
Number of pages9
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


  • 13─value comfort scale
  • Indoor environment
  • Primary school
  • Subarctic climate
  • Thermal comfort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction

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