The potential energy surfaces (PESs) of three nitrotoluene isomers, such asp-nitrotoluene,m-nitrotoluene, ando-nitrotoluene, have been theoretically built at the CCSD(T)/CBS level. The geometries of reactants, transition states (TSs) and products are optimized at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. Results show that reactions of -NO2isomerizing to ONO, and C-NO2bond dissociation play important roles among all of the initial channels forp-nitrotoluene andm-nitrotoluene, and that the H atom migration and C-NO2bond dissociation are dominant reactions foro-nitrotoluene. In addition, there exist pathways for three isomer conversions, but with high energy barriers. Rate constant calculations and branching ratio analyses further demonstrate that the isomerization reactions of O transfer are prominent at low to intermediate temperatures, whereas the direct C-NO2bond dissociation reactions prevail at high temperatures forp-nitrotoluene andm-nitrotoluene, and that H atom migration is a predominant reaction foro-nitrotoluene, while C-NO2bond dissociation becomes important by increasing the temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry