Theoretical and experimental research on a Quasi-Zero-Stiffness-Enabled nonlinear piezoelectric energy harvester

Tingting Chen, Kai Wang, Li Cheng, Hongbin Pan, Haichao Cui, Jiaxi Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Piezoelectric material provides a convenient and efficient avenue to convert ambient vibration energy into electrical energy to power wireless sensor network nodes of Internet of Things. However, the design of effective ultralow-frequency and low-amplitude harvesters using piezoelectric materials remains a challenge. To address this challenging problem, this paper devises a quasi-zero-stiffness-enabled (QZSE) piezoelectric energy harvester based on a geometrical nonlinear structure. The basic configuration and operation principles of the QZSE piezoelectric energy harvester ware elaborated firstly, then the nonlinear electromechanical coupling equation is derived, whose solution informs on both the dynamic and electrical responses of the harvester. The electromechanical-coupled equations are solved with the aid of the fourth-order Runge-Kutta algorithm. The energy harvesting performance is then investigated with respect to the parameter effects of excitation, damping and proof mass. For validating numerical results and demonstrating the advantages of the proposed design, a prototype is fabricated and experimentally tested. The results confirm the ability of the QZSE piezoelectric energy harvester in producing effective vibration-to-electricity energy conversion in ultralow frequency range. This study provides new impetus to energy harvesting from ultralow frequency ambient vibration using piezoelectric materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107863
JournalCommunications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • Energy harvesting
  • Low-frequency vibration
  • Nonlinear electromechanical coupling equation
  • Quasi-zero stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Applied Mathematics


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