Theoretical and experimental investigations of tool tip vibration in single point diamond turning of titanium alloys

Wai Sze Yip, Suet To

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The material swelling effect in single point diamond turning (SPDT) causes ragged materials on a machined surface which slows down the movements of tool tip vibration, and acts as a simple impacted pendulum system with a damping effect and displays a single twin peak in fast Fourier transform (FFT). Due to the low elastic modulus and low thermal conductivity of titanium alloys, the material swelling effect of titanium alloys in SPDT is much more serious than that of traditional metals. For this reason, the tool tip vibration in SPDT of titanium alloys is expected to be different from previous reports. In this study, apart from the demonstration of the original single twin peak induced from the material swelling effect by the main cutting motion, we reported recently that there exists another twin peak induced by secondary material swelling arising from the movement of tool tip vibration in the SPDT of titanium alloys. The additional twin peak was located at the right side of the original twin peak in FFT, displaying two twin peaks in the frequency domain of cutting force and suggesting the existence of another tool tip vibration system with a new damping factor in the SPDT of titanium alloys. Combining the effects of primary and secondary material swelling, the new dynamic model with the modified damping factor of tool tip vibration system are developed, which surface roughness of the machined titanium alloys in SPDT was predicted in higher accuracy by using the new model. The FFT of cutting force, surface roughness, and surface profile were provided in this article for the experimental validations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number231
JournalMicromachines
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Material swelling
  • Single point diamond turning
  • Titanium alloys
  • Tool tip vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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