A rate-equation model is developed, with the consideration of size effects, to analyze the steady state and dynamic behavior of index-guided vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. The size dependence of spatial hole burning, cavity loss, as well as thermal resistance of device cavity are taken into account Using this model, the influence of size effects on the amplitude modulation response and second-order harmonic distortion are studied. It is found that a laser with a small core radius exhibits better modulation response and less harmonic distortion than that of a large waveguide device, however, there is a tradeoff between the output power and modulation efficiency of the lasers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering