Theoretical accuracy of along-track displacement measurements from multiple-aperture interferometry (MAI)

Hyung Sup Jung, Won Jin Lee, Lei Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


The measurement of precise along-track displacements has been made with the multiple-aperture interferometry (MAI). The empirical accuracies of the MAI measurements are about 6.3 and 3.57 cm for ERS and ALOS data, respectively. However, the estimated empirical accuracies cannot be generalized to any interferometric pair because they largely depend on the processing parameters and coherence of the used SAR data. A theoretical formula is given to calculate an expected MAI measurement accuracy according to the system and processing parameters and interferometric coherence. In this paper, we have investigated the expected MAI measurement accuracy on the basis of the theoretical formula for the existing X-, C- and L-band satellite SAR systems. The similarity between the expected and empirical MAI measurement accuracies has been tested as well. The expected accuracies of about 2–3 cm and 3–4 cm (γ = 0.8) are calculated for the X- and L-band SAR systems, respectively. For the C-band systems, the expected accuracy of Radarsat-2 ultra-fine is about 3–4 cm and that of Sentinel-1 IW is about 27 cm (γ = 0.8). The results indicate that the expected MAI measurement accuracy of a given interferometric pair can be easily calculated by using the theoretical formula.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17703-17724
Number of pages22
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2014


  • Along-track displacement
  • Multiple-aperture interferometry (MAI)
  • SAR interferometry (InSAR)
  • Synthetic aperture radar (SAR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Theoretical accuracy of along-track displacement measurements from multiple-aperture interferometry (MAI)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this