Práctica del uso de máscaras entre profesionales de enfermería en brasil en la pandemia del covid-19

Translated title of the contribution: The use of masks among brazilian nursing workers during the covid-19 pandemic

Fernanda Maria Vieira Pereira-ávila, Adijalme Martins Junior, Laelson Rochelle Milanês Sousa, Marciana Fernandes Moll, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão, Silmara Elaine Malaguti Toffano, Simon Ching Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: to assess the use of masks among Brazilian nursing workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Method: cross-sectional study addressing nursing workers between March and May 2020. Data were collected online using a form addressing demographic variables and the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Face Mask Use Scale (FMUS-PB). Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, central tendency and dispersion measures, Student’s t-test, and analysis of variance. 

Results: a total of 3,294 workers participated; most were nurses (85.9%), women (90.2%), lived in the southeast (36.9%), and had had contact with the COVID-19 (77.8%). The participants reported using masks in public places and at work (63.1% and 78.8%, respectively). However, only 25.8% wore masks at home. Individuals aged between 35 and 45 (p=0.002) living in the south (p<0.001) reported more frequent use of masks. Nursing technicians (p<0.001), aged ≥ 45 (p<0.001), living in the south (p<0.001), scored higher in the use of masks for self-protection and to protect others (p=0.002). Prior contact with COVID-19 resulted in the more frequent use of masks for self-protection and to protect others (p<0.001). 

Conclusion: the use of masks by nursing workers in public places and health settings was more frequent than at home. Additionally, masks were more frequently use for self-protection than to protect others. These results show a need to promote cultural changes toward masks for personal protection and within the family and social contexts.

Translated title of the contributionThe use of masks among brazilian nursing workers during the covid-19 pandemic
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere20200502
JournalTexto e Contexto Enfermagem
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • Infection control
  • Masks
  • Nursing team
  • Pandemics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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