The use of a 2-D digital filter in the objective evaluation of seam pucker on 3-D surfaces

Jintu Fan, J.M.K. MacAlpine, D. Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationLiterature reviewAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


In order to evaluate the puckering of seams on three-dimensional garment surfaces objectively, the surface contours due to garment silhouette and drape must be taken into consideration. In this paper, a 2-D FIR band-pass digital filter is proposed to extract pucker profiles from the measured profiles by removing the 'high-frequency' components due to fabric-surface texture and 'low-frequency' components due to three-dimensional garment-surface contours. The filter was found to be very successful when applied to evaluate seams, even when twisted and laid on double-curvature surfaces that simulate the complex three-dimensional garment surfaces. The objective parameters derived from the pucker profiles after 2-D filtering were found to be linearly correlated with the subjective AATCC pucker grades. © Textile Institute.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-455
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Textile Institute
Issue number1 PART III
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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