The toxic effects of indoor atmospheric fine particulate matter collected from allergic and non-allergic families in Wuhan on mouse peritoneal macrophages

Biao Yan, Jinquan Li, Junhui Guo, Ping Ma, Zhuo Wu, Zhenhao Ling, Hai Guo, Yoshino Hiroshi, U. Yanagi, Xu Yang, Shengwei Zhu, Mingqing Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with multiple adverse health outcomes and PM2.5-induced oxidative stress is now commonly known as a proposed mechanism of PM2.5-mediated toxicity. However, the association between allergic symptoms in children and exposure to PM2.5has not been fully elucidated, particularly the role of PM2.5on the indoor environment involved in allergy or non-allergy is unknown. The aim of the present study was to explore whether indoor PM2.5from the homes of children with allergic symptoms had more increased risks of allergy than that of healthy ones and then compare the toxicity and inflammatory response of them. In this study, indoor PM2.5was collected from the homes of schoolchildren with allergic symptoms and those of healthy ones respectively, and components of PM2.5were analyzed. PM2.5-mediated oxidative damage and inflammatory response were further evaluated in mouse peritoneal macrophages based on its effects on the levels of reactive oxygen species accumulation, lipid peroxidation, DNA damage or cytokine production. It seems that oxidative stress may contribute to PM2.5-induced toxicity, and PM2.5from the allergic indoor environment produced more serious toxic effects and an inflammatory response on mouse peritoneal macrophages than that from a non-allergic indoor environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)596-608
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Toxicology
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Cytokines
  • Macrophages
  • Oxidative stress
  • PM 2.5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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