The synchronous coupling of a third-generation wave model and a two-dimensional storm surge model

M. Y. Zhang, Yok Sheung Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


The interaction of waves and currents is studied by the dynamical coupling of a third generation wave model and a two-dimensional storm surge model. The coupling process of the two models is implemented synchronously. To estimate the effects of waves on the generation of storm surges, the theory of Janssen is used. The effects of the wave radiation stress on surge levels and the effects of storm-induced currents on waves are also investigated. The coupled wave and storm surge models have been tested by hindcasting two storm events in the northern South China Sea. The use of the Simth and Banke stress relation underestimates the surges by 10%. The inclusion of the radiation stress improves the accuracy of the computed results slightly by 2%. The introduction of a wave-dependent surface drag gives a significant improvement. The storm-induced currents clearly affect the wave characteristics at the peak stage. However, as far as the prediction of wave height is concerned, it is better not to consider the wave radiation stress in the storm surge model unless this is accompanied by a wave-dependent surface drag.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-543
Number of pages11
JournalOcean Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering

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