The surface character and substructure of aluminium alloys by laser-melting treatment

T. T. Wong, G. Y. Liang, Chak Yin Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


A series of laser melted samples of Al-Si alloys with various Si contents were produced using a 2 kW CO2laser. The surface characteristics of these laser-treated samples, their microstructures and their substructures were investigated. Experimental results showed that hardened zones of specific area and penetration depth on the sample surface can be obtained with a particular laser power. It was found that the laser treatment refined the aluminium alloy grains; that silicon crystal in eutectic was altered morphologically from lath-like into coralline-like; and that the proportion of silicon in the α-Al was much more than the saturation content of silicon in the aluminium alloys. After solidification, the super-saturated silicon precipitated out in the 〈110〉 direction and in very small rod-like form. X-ray diffraction analysis of the samples illustrated that the lattice parameters of Al were reduced after laser melting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-178
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997


  • Aluminium alloys
  • Laser surface melting
  • Substructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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