The strong column–weak beam design philosophy in reinforced concrete frame structures: A literature review

Xuefei Nie, Shishun Zhang, Tao Jiang, Tao Yu

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents a literature review of existing research on the strong column–weak beam design philosophy, which has been widely adopted in the seismic design of frame structures. A comprehensive review of this design philosophy, including its concept and research history, especially factors affecting the accurate calculation of the flexural capacity of beams (Formula presented.) and the determination of the column-to-beam flexural strength ratio (Formula presented.), is presented first. The development of design provisions of four representative countries for this design philosophy is also reviewed. The implementation of strong column–weak beam hierarchy in real structural design is then discussed, and existing problems are pointed out. Finally, different techniques for the seismic retrofit of existing reinforced concrete frames are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3566-3591
Number of pages26
JournalAdvances in Structural Engineering
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • design code
  • reinforced concrete frame
  • seismic retrofit
  • strong column–weak beam
  • structural design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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