This paper describes a case study of the school bus routing problem. It is formulated as a multi-objective combinatorial optimisation problem. The objectives considered include minimising the total number of buses required, the total travel time spent by pupils at all pick-up points, which is what the school and parents are concerned with most, and the total bus travel time. It also aims at balancing the loads and travel times between buses. A heuristic algorithm for its solution is proposed. The algorithm has been programmed and run efficiently on a PC. Numerical results are reported using test data from a kindergarten in Hong Kong. It has shown to be effective with a saving of 29% in total travelling times when comparing to current practice.
- Vehicle routing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Management Information Systems
- Strategy and Management
- Management Science and Operations Research