The role of perceived effectiveness of policy measures in predicting recycling behaviour in Hong Kong

Calvin Wan, Qiping Shen, Tit Wan Yu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)


Hong Kong is a compact and 'land-hungry' city where recycling has become an important measure for treating waste and reducing the demand on the limited landfills. The objectives of this paper are to extend the model of recycling attitude and behaviour to explain the relationship between perceived policy effectiveness and recycling behaviour. Previous studies on recycling attitude and behaviour had widely adopted the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and the norm activation model (NAM), and drawn policy implications from them. Nevertheless, little research has been conducted to investigate the role of perceived effectiveness of policy measures in predicting recycling behaviour. To address this, a model that integrates the TPB and NAM was proposed in this study, and a street survey was conducted to investigate the case. The results illustrate that recycling intention is influenced by subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, moral norms, and awareness of consequences, as well as a newly proposed construct, namely perceived policy effectiveness. The study proved self-reported recycling behaviour (direct behaviour) and support for policy measures (indirect behaviour) are influenced by recycling intention. All in all the Government should provide more recycling bins, guidelines on recycling activities, and should accent what it has been doing to facilitate and encourage recycling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014


  • Attitude
  • Hong Kong
  • Policy
  • Recycling
  • Theory of planned behaviour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this