The rising energy efficiency of office buildings in Hong Kong

Jie Jia, Wai Ling Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Though area in office buildings has expanded significantly in Hong Kong in the decade to 2013, increase in cooling energy use has been rather moderate. The factors and policy instruments that contributed to the impressive enhancement in energy usage efficiency are not available in published literature. Data of sixty-six office developments were examined to evaluate the role of policy instruments in bringing about the visible improvement. Numerical analyses reveal that use of chiller units with higher efficiency and fresh water cooling tower (FWCT) systems have contributed significantly to reduce cooling energy use of office space in Hong Kong. It is important to note that policies promulgated have played a key role in encouraging designers of office space to opt for energy efficient systems. The BEAM Plus certification for all public buildings has contributed the most (efficacy = 0.09) to the success in moderation of electricity consumption for cooling of office space. The FWCT scheme and the Building Energy Codes have had efficacies amounting to 0.076 and 0.026, respectively. Interestingly, the new OTTV requirement, used for regulation and monitoring of thermal performance of building envelopes, has had a negative rate of efficacy (0.018), implying that the government needs to review its appropriateness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-304
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


  • Cooling energy use
  • Hong Kong
  • Influential factors
  • Office buildings
  • Policy instruments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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