The reversible wettability of Ti containing amorphous carbon films by UV irradiation

P. Zhang, B. K. Tay, Y. B. Zhang, Shu Ping Lau, K. P. Yung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The Ti-containing amorphous carbon (a-C:Ti) deposited by the off-plane double bend (OPDB) Filtered Cathodic Vacuum Arc (FCVA) technique has been shown to exhibit very good mechanical properties such as low stress and ultra-high hardness and electrochemical properties. Further studies reveal that a-C:Ti films have a hydrophobic surface (contact angle with water >90°). This is mainly due to the formation of Ti-O bond when the samples are exposed to the ambient air. In this paper, we show that with ultraviolet (UV) laser treatment, the contact angle of a-C:Ti films with water could be reduced to be as low as 36.2°, forming a hydrophilic surface. After storing the film in ambient air for 3 h, the contact angle increased to 80° and the film recovered back to the original hydrophobic condition. We attributed this to the absorption of hydroxyl groups on the surface by the photocatalysis reactions of TiO2. This behavior makes the film a good potential candidate for self-clean coatings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-188
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number1-3 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Diamond-like carbon
  • FCVA
  • Ti-containing amorphous carbon
  • Wettability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'The reversible wettability of Ti containing amorphous carbon films by UV irradiation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this